It is a universally known fact that the cannabis plant is less dangerous to the body than the effects of alcohol or tobacco.
Alcohol especially can have a devastating impact both mentally and physically, which can be taxing on someone suffering from addiction.
Prolonged use of alcohol mainly targets the liver and can cause liver disease by causing inflammation within the organ. It can also cause liver cirrhosis where scar tissue replaces the normal tissue of the liver.
The function of the liver is integral to maintain the daily management of the body. It filters the blood from toxins, breaks down proteins, and creates bile to help the body absorb fats. Without these daily processes, the body would be in a state of distress.
It was previously reported that in a study done by North Shore Medical Center in Salem, Massachusetts earlier this year, that cannabis use protected the body against developing an alcoholic liver disease
In another similar study, scientists have reaffirmed their conclusions. They found that regardless of how much a user consumed cannabis, the plant helped to protect against liver disease. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), the two primary cannabinoids that aid in this.
THC seems to activate CB1 and CB2, while CBD blocks THC’s actions at CB1 receptors and only seems to activate CB2 receptors. This is important to understand, considering that activating CB1 receptors has pro-inflammatory effects in the liver and leads to liver disease, while CB2 activation has anti-inflammatory effects and protects against liver disease. So patients should, therefore, be given more CBD.
Cannabis use in patients suffering from alcoholism was associated with a 45% reduction in alcoholic steatosis, a 55% reduction in alcoholic liver cirrhosis, and a 75% reduction in liver cancers.
The way cannabis helps to reduce damage to the liver is through reduction of inflammation to the organ. It can also inhibit cancer cells from forming thus leading to hepatocellular carcinomas, which arises from cirrhosis 90% of the time.
It is to be noted, however, that the more a person drinks alcohol, the less cannabis seems to help with prophylactic factors.