What are Terpenes and the Characteristics of Terpenoids?

Laboratory tests are concentrating on hemp. Tests analyze various aspects and compounds within the hemp plant. These include Cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.

For many people, the word “terpene” is a strange and unfamiliar term. However, it won’t be for much longer. In addition, we’re beginning to see that there’s a lot more to marijuana than its cannabinoid content. To get a hint of the other therapeutic compounds in your strain, just give it a sniff. Do you smell the terpenes?

Terpenes are fragrant oils that give cannabis its aromatic diversity. These oils are secreted in the flower’s sticky resin glands, the same ones that produce THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. Terpenes are by no means unique to cannabis; they can be found in many other herbs, fruits, and plants as well. So what exactly are they, and what exactly are their influences on hemp?

The aroma, flavor, and color of plants come from Terpenes

Citrus fruits contain many terpenes. via Food Navigator

The aroma, flavor, and color of a plant depend on the type, strength, and quantity of Terpenes within that particular plant. These substances contain the terpenes identified with the plant, therefore an essential oil or resin will have the same scent as the plant.

Essential oils and resins are often used by perfumeries to create perfumes. In addition, even certain essential oils and other products such as herbs and spices are used to flavor foods. Many of these Terpene containing products are also used for medical purposes. As a result, it’s an important part of holistic healing.

For example, certain plants, such as Lavender, can also help with stress. Also, herbs, such as rosemary, mint or basil, have a very strong terpene presence and are referred to as aromatic plants.

What are Terpenes in Cannabis & Hemp


Cannabis contains a wide range of more than 200 terpenes. These terpenes are thought to work synergistically with the cannabinoids contained by the plant. Furthermore, terps enhance health effects that cannabis & hemp has on the body.

Cannabis has been used for a long time to treat various conditions and diseases. However, it has only recently been established that the range of diseases and conditions that can be treated are vast. Cannabis can successfully treat conditions such as anxiety, stress, migraines, ADD, and PTSD. In addition, it has found to ease conditions like Multiple Sclerosis and FIbromyalgia. Above all, CBD Oil can be used to effectively treat certain types of epileptic seizures and even cancer.

The very first Cannabis-derived substance to have been approved by the FDA is BCP. Also known as beta-caryophyllene. It is a dietary terpene found in the Cannabis plant. This substance is known to activate the CB2 receptor in the endocannabinoid system to relieve inflammation. It is non-psychoactive and is currently being used as a food additive.

Defining characteristics and even vitamins

terpenes and cannabis
Different kinds of terpenes. Via Alchimia
  • Vitamin A is also a terpene. Many plants produce Vitamin A. It is commonly and effectively used to protect vision.
  • Conifers, such as Pine trees, Cypress trees, and Cedars, also produce large amounts of terpenes, often more in Summer than in Winter.
  • Alpha-Pinene is one of the more well-known terpenes produced in Cannabis. Alpha-Pinene is also part of the construction of herbs such as Sage and Rosemary. Great for treating coughs. It also increases mental energy and can even be used as a topical antiseptic, killing off hostile microbes.
  • Limonene, which is present in Cannabis, can also be found in citrus fruits, Juniper, and Peppermint. It also has anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-depressant properties, and anti-carcinogen properties. It is also known to increase blood pressure for those will low blood pressure.
  • Myrcene, which is contained in menthol and lemongrass, is also present in most varieties of Cannabis. This terpene is an important substance used by the perfume industry. Nevertheless, it’s used to introduce a citrusy quality to perfumes. Possesses anti-microbial and antiseptic properties as well as acting as a natural anti-depressant, anti-carcinogen and contains anti-inflammatory properties.

Terpenes and CBD Hemp Oil

Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is a natural, non-psychoactive concentrate extracted from hemp. Used on its own as a dietary supplement or infused into a plethora of products. Via HempMeds

Hemp and other cannabis strains do contain terpenes. The terpenes found in hemp are non-psychoactive have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties. The most significant of terpenes found in Hemp are caryophyllene and myrcene.

Hemp contains 120 terpenes. The terpenes contained in hemp are mostly monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. These can be concentrated into essential oils, using steam distillation methods. While terpenes are rich in flavor and aroma, cannabinoids have no smell. Therefore, the flavor and aroma of hemp products depend on the number of terpenes contained within the particular product.